Reference architecture: up to 1,000 users (FREE SELF)

This page describes GitLab reference architecture for up to 1,000 users. For a full list of reference architectures, see Available reference architectures.

If you need to serve up to 1,000 users and you don't have strict availability requirements, a single-node solution with frequent backups is appropriate for many organizations.

Users Configuration GCP AWS Azure
Up to 500 4 vCPU, 3.6 GB memory n1-highcpu-4 c5.xlarge F4s v2
Up to 1,000 8 vCPU, 7.2 GB memory n1-highcpu-8 c5.2xlarge F8s v2
@startuml 1k
card "**Prometheus + Grafana**" as monitor #7FFFD4
package "GitLab Single Server" as gitlab-single-server {
together {
  card "**GitLab Rails**" as gitlab #32CD32
  card "**Gitaly**" as gitaly #FF8C00
  card "**PostgreSQL**" as postgres #4EA7FF
  card "**Redis**" as redis #FF6347
  card "**Sidekiq**" as sidekiq #ff8dd1
card "Local Storage" as local_storage #white

gitlab -[#32CD32]--> gitaly
gitlab -[#32CD32]--> postgres
gitlab -[#32CD32]--> redis
gitlab -[#32CD32]--> sidekiq
gitaly -[#32CD32]--> local_storage
postgres -[#32CD32]--> local_storage
sidekiq -[#32CD32]--> local_storage
gitlab -[#32CD32]--> local_storage

monitor .[#7FFFD4]u-> gitlab
monitor .[#7FFFD4]u-> sidekiq
monitor .[#7FFFD4]-> postgres
monitor .[#7FFFD4]-> gitaly
monitor .[#7FFFD4,norank]--> redis


The diagram above shows that while GitLab can be installed on a single server, it is internally composed of multiple services. As a GitLab instance is scaled, each of these services are broken out and independently scaled according to the demands placed on them. In some cases PaaS can be leveraged for some services (e.g. Cloud Object Storage for some file systems). For the sake of redundancy some of the services become clusters of nodes storing the same data. In a horizontal configuration of GitLab there are various ancillary services required to coordinate clusters or discover of resources (e.g. PgBouncer for Postgres connection management, Consul for Prometheus end point discovery).


Before starting, you should take note of the following requirements / guidance for this reference architecture.

Supported CPUs

This reference architecture was built and tested on Google Cloud Platform (GCP) using the Intel Xeon E5 v3 (Haswell) CPU platform. On different hardware you may find that adjustments, either lower or higher, are required for your CPU or node counts. For more information, see our Sysbench-based CPU benchmarks.

Supported infrastructure

As a general guidance, GitLab should run on most infrastructure such as reputable Cloud Providers (AWS, GCP, Azure) and their services, or self managed (ESXi) that meet both the specs detailed above, as well as any requirements in this section. However, this does not constitute a guarantee for every potential permutation.

Be aware of the following specific call outs:


In addition to the stated configurations, we recommend having at least 2 GB of swap on your server, even if you currently have enough available memory. Having swap helps to reduce the chance of errors occurring if your available memory changes. We also recommend configuring the kernel's swappiness setting to a lower value (such as 10) to make the most of your memory, while still having the swap available when needed.

Setup instructions

To install GitLab for this default reference architecture, use the standard installation instructions.

You can also optionally configure GitLab to use an external PostgreSQL service or an external object storage service for added performance and reliability at an increased complexity cost.

Configure Advanced Search (PREMIUM SELF)

You can leverage Elasticsearch and enable Advanced Search for faster, more advanced code search across your entire GitLab instance.

Elasticsearch cluster design and requirements are dependent on your specific data. For recommended best practices about how to set up your Elasticsearch cluster alongside your instance, read how to choose the optimal cluster configuration.

Cloud Native Hybrid reference architecture with Helm Charts

Cloud Native Hybrid Reference Architecture is an alternative approach where select stateless components are deployed in Kubernetes via our official Helm Charts, and stateful components are deployed in compute VMs with Omnibus.

The 2k GitLab Cloud Native Hybrid (non HA) and 3k GitLab Cloud Native Hybrid (HA) reference architectures are the smallest we recommend in Kubernetes. For environments that need to serve less users, you can lower the node specs. Depending on your user count, you can lower all suggested node specs as desired. However, it's recommended that you don't go lower than the general requirements.